Male infertility means the inability of a male to cause pregnancy in a female fertile. Male infertility is common due to various deficiencies in the semen and semen quality is the surrogate measure of male fecundity. Approximately 10 to 15 percent of couples are infertile.
Causes of Male Infertility
Even after having frequent, unprotected Sexual intercourse for a long period male infertility plays a defining role. There are certain causes of infertility in male some of which are:
Abnormal sperm production
Various reasons such as undescended testicles, genetic defects, and health problems such as diabetes or infections like Chlamydia, gonorrhea, mumps or HIV. Enlarged veins in the testes (varicocele) generally tend to affect the quality of sperm.
Overexposure to certain environmental factors
Environmental factors such as chemicals and other pesticides is a leading cause for male infertility. Smoking cigarette, consuming alcohol, marijuana or taking certain medications, like select antibiotics, antihypertensive, anabolic steroids or others, can also affect Male fertility. Frequent exposure to heat can raise the core body temperature and may affect sperm production.
Delivery of sperm
Problems with the delivery of sperm are the main cause of Male infertility. It is because of sexual problems, like certain genetic diseases including cystic fibrosis, structural problems like a blockage in the testicle, premature ejaculation, or damage or injury to the reproductive organs.
Treatment of serious diseases
Treatment of various serious diseases may result in decreasing sperm count in the body of a male. Treatments including radiation or chemotherapy can impair sperm production, sometimes severely.
Symptoms of Male Infertility
The most common symptom of male infertility has to be the inability to conceive a child. However, there are certain other symptoms which are generally unnoticed like problems with sexual function, difficulty with ejaculation or small volumes of fluid ejaculated, reduction in sexual desire and difficulty in maintaining an erection. Addition to this, there may be various other underlying problems like pain, swelling or a lump in the testicle area, recurring infections in various respiratory organs, inability to smell, abnormal breast growth, a lower than normal sperm count and decreased facial or body hair or other signs of a chromosomal or hormonal abnormality.
Prevention and Cure
However, these problems are not permanent and can be easily decreased by taking various steps:
Various studies have shown that weight loss and exercise in overweight individuals can lead to improved or increased sperm counts. Men with very low sperm counts may also be prescribed medication.
Any form of stress can result in individual taking actions which are defensive in nature. Practicing exercise, regular sleep, and a healthful diet may help to reduce stress level.
A recent study explored that individuals who were regular smoker were found to be affiliated with the disease. Quitting smoking may prove to be one of the measures to get rid of this problem.
Avoid consumption of excessive drugs and alcohol
According to the study of medical science, over consumption of drugs or alcohol like cocaine and marijuana, may lead to low production of sperm.
An Excessive diet of Vitamin D and calcium
Some researchers believe that calcium serum and vitamin D appear to impact sperm health. According to a survey conducted by an organization, men who eat low dietary of vitamin D may suffer from low sperm counts.
High consumption of antioxidant rich foods
Antioxidants are molecules which help in removing free radicals and other compounds that damage cells. Several vitamins and minerals have acted as antioxidants and linked antioxidant consumption may help with an increase in sperm count.
FOODS INTAKE TO REDUCE MALE INFERTILITY
Vitamin B-12 is an important nutrient to overall sperm health. It is a proven fact that it improves sperm motility and increases sperm count. Zinc intake can be increased by eating:
Fish and seafood, (clams)
Meats and poultry, (liver)
Dairy products, like milk and egg
Fortified breakfast cereals
An increase in Zinc intake
Increase in consumption of the following will increase the level of Zinc in the body. Food items such as oysters, red meat and poultry, shellfish, such as crab and lobster, nuts and beans, whole wheat grain products etc.
Intake of Folate
Folate is a Vitamin B that has been linked to sperm health. Low folate is directly linked with lower sperm densities, damaged sperm DNA, and lower sperm counts. However, you can include green, leafy vegetables, such as spinach, romaine lettuce, Brussels sprouts, and asparagus along with fruits and fruit juices, especially oranges and orange juice. Further, you can also intake nuts, beans, and peas and enriched flour products, such as slices of breads and pasta.
According to different research conducted by various specialists, pomegranate juice has been a valuable antioxidant. It can boost the production of in big time.