Summers are almost at our doorstep… Hot weather, bright sun, scorching heat and multiple ideas for outdoor activities. There are several effects of heat in the summer’s months. Overexposure to the sun can give negative consequences. The team of Vaidyanath has come up with a long list on preventing of heat stroke in summers.
Scroll down to know more!
Heat Stoke is a situation which is caused by excess heating and high temperature. It is more severe and harmful than heat injury. Stoke make the temperature of your body to rise 40 degree Celsius or higher. However, untreated or inadequate treatment sometimes lead to the death of the sufferer or damage the organs like kidney, liver, heart, brain or muscles.
Signs and Symptoms of Heat Stroke
- High Body Temperature: The body temperatures may rise to 40 degree Celsius; i.e., 104 Fahrenheit or higher.
- Headache: You may experience throbbing headache due to heat stroke.
- High Heart Rate: The pulse rate may rise as there is a burden on the heart to keep the body cool.
- Rapid Breathing: You may breathe rapidly due to sunstroke.
- Flushed Skin: Skin may get red and patchy spots due to the rise in body temperature.
- Nausea and Vomit: Heat stroke makes you feel sick and causes vomit and stomachache.
There are several signs of heat stroke. Confusion is the most common symptom that is found in patients. Others are as follows:
- Muscle cramps
- Red, dry and pale skin
- Trouble walking
- Dilated pupils
- Rapid breathing
- Fluctuating heart rate
- Alteration in sweating
- Altered behaviour and mental state
- Uncharacteristic or inappropriate behaviour
Causes of Heat Stroke
Following are the prime causes of heat stroke:
- Exposure to the sun at high temperature: The heat stroke which is caused due to exposure to hot surroundings is usually called Non-exertional Heat Stoke. It mostly occurs in old age people or those who are suffering from chronic diseases.
- Strenuous activities: Exercising or working out in the hot weather also gives rise to heat stroke.
- Dehydrated body: The body gets dehydrated by less intake of water. Enough water and energy get lost through excess sweating in the summer months. You need to drink plenty of water.
- Drinking alcohol: Alcohol and caffeine drinks reduce the ability of the body in the regulation of body temperature.
- Improper attire: Proper and comfy clothes prevent sweating and make your body cool from evaporating easily.
There are several factors that raise the risk of heat stroke. Some of them are following;
- Exertion in a high temperature of summer months
- Exposure to hot weather
- Lack of air conditioning
- Several health issues like cardiovascular diseases, heart problems, and lung infections.
- Death: Heat stroke, sometimes, may cause death due to inadequate or improper treatment.
- Organ Damage: It may cause failure or damage to the vital organs of the body such as kidney, liver, heart, brain or muscles.
Tips to Prevent Heat Stroke in summer
- Drink plenty of water: Water is the best remedy for every health problem. Drink at least three litres of water per day. Include plenty of fluids, juices and fruits in your diet.
- Fluids: These items will hydrate your skin and adds charm and glow to it. Moreover, avoid consumption of alcohol and beverages containing caffeine. Caffeine products will dehydrate your skin. Instead of aerated drinks, try some natural fluids such as lassi, curd, mint drinks, buttermilk, lemonades, coconut water, shakes, and juices.
- Make less exposure to sun and heat: Staying out in the sun during the summer months may cause tan and sunburn. Avoid outing between 11:00 am to 5:00 pm. Try to find out air conditioned and cool places such as shady parks, cinemas, malls, and shopping centres.
- Dress Appropriately: Avoid wearing synthetic fabric. Go for such clothes which are light and pale in colour, lightweight, and comfort in wearing. Cotton and linen fabric will allow air to circulate around the body. Loose attire will make the sweat to get absorb easily and make you feel relax and cool.
- Keep your home cool: Let the fresh and cool air to get inside your room by opening windows wide at the night. Make sure to close all the curtains during day time. It will keep the solar heat out.
- Eat water-rich fruits: Include fresh and juicy fruits in your diet. Watermelon, musk melon, marshmallow, litchi, cucumber, and coconut contain a high content of the water will help in keeping your skin hydrated and glowing.
- Cover your head: Do not forget covering your heat whenever you are stepping out in the scorching sun heat. This will keep you relax, cool, and calm.
- Sunscreen is must: It is the most important thing for summers. You can’t even think to skip it out! Use sunblock or sunscreen having a UV spectrum of at least 30. Spread a layer of it to all the exposed parts of the body whenever you are going out. Making use of sunscreen will protect your legs, hands, face, and other exposed parts of the body. Excess exposure to ultraviolet rays may damage your skin permanently. It can cause wrinkles, suntan, sunburn, premature ageing, and fine lines.
- No heavy makeup and cosmetics: Avoid heavy makeup during the summer months. Skin breaths through its pores and the layer of makeup become an obstacle to it in breathing.
- Toner is a basic need: Toners are best for skin during summers. It will keep the skin clean, clear and oil free. Toner also hides the appearance of pores. Apply it gently, especially in the t-zone area as it secretes more oil.
Try these tips and surely you will start pampering yourself.
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Have a happy summer!