Do you just wake up some morning and realize that you have a bad runny nose, with a slight fever and a bad head and body ache? This happens when you have caught a cold or flu.
The symptoms of cold or flu usually start when you first get a runny nose, which is followed by watery eyes. The next step would be getting congestion and a frustratingly stuffy nose. If you are really unlucky, coughing and sneezing will then kick in. These symptoms usually stay for around 3 to 10 days. They are at their peak when all of them happen to you at once. It can get extremely uneasy and frustrating at that moment. In some cases, one can also experience fever and chills. Body and headaches might make you feel weak and tired. If the symptoms last more than 10 to 15 days, it is recommended that you should consult a doctor then.
CAUSES OF COLD AND FLU
- Cold and fly are very contagious, viral infections and you can catch a cold or flu at any time of the year.
- However, they are more common in winter months, most probably because people tend to stay indoors because of the chilly weather outside and therefore are in close proximity with others, which makes them more prone to catch a cold.
- The common cold is a viral infectious disease that infects the upper respiratory system.
- The scientific terms for the common cold are rhinopharyngitis and acute coryza.
- Because there are more than 200 viruses that cause the common cold, the human body is unable to build resistance against all of them. This is the reason why colds are so excessively common and often returns back.
- When a virus manages to overpower the body’s immune system, it leads to the occurrence of infection.
- This infection leads to the attack of the cold and flu viruses in the body.
- Cold and flu can easily spread. When a person suffering from cold sneezes or coughs without covering their mouth and nose, tiny droplets of fluids spread in the environment. These fluids can be inhaled by some other person, thus getting the virus into themselves. This is how cold and flu viruses get transferred.
- These tiny fluid particles can also settle on objects, and whenever a person comes in contact with these objects or touches them, the virus gets transferred into them.
- This is how cold and flu transfers from one person to another.
As there are so many viruses that cause cold, it is difficult to develop a vaccine for it. However, there are various kinds of protections that can be taken to prevent oneself from catching a cold :
- Avoid close contact with anyone who is infected with a cold.
- Always carry a handkerchief or a tissue in your hand, if you are suffering from a cold. When you are sneezing or coughing, make sure that you do it in the tissue and then discard it properly.
- Do not forget to wash your hands with soap and water, if you have sneezed into your hand.
- If you are not carrying any tissue or a handkerchief, do not sneeze into your hands. Rather, sneeze on the inside of your elbow.
- Wash your hands regularly. Cold viruses can be transferred from anything. Be it a simple handshake, or a casual hug. It can also be transferred if you are touching any random object with the virus spread on it.
- Avoid touching your face, especially your nose and your mouth.
HOME REMEDIES FOR COUGH AND FLU
In addition to these precautions, you can also try a few miraculous home remedies to cure cough and cold, as we here in Vaidyanaith believe that home remedies are the best form of medication
- HONEY TEA
Honey provides the most significant relief from coughing.
- Mix two teaspoons of honey with warm water or an organic drink.
- Drink this mixture once or twice a day.
- Your cough will get sooth down.
Ginger has anti-inflammatory properties which may easy a dry or asthmatic cough. It is also known to relieve nausea and pain.
- Add 2 to 3 slices of freshly cut ginger to a cup of hot water and brew a soothing tea.
- Allow it to steep for a few minutes before drinking.
- Add honey or lemon, to improve the taste and enjoy!
- SALT-WATER GARGLE
This simple remedy is the most effective one to treat a sore throat or a wet cough.
- Stir half a teaspoon of salt into a cup of warm water until it dissolves properly.
- Allow the solution to cool down slightly, before using it to gargle.
- After gargling, let the mixture sit at the back of the throat for a few minutes before spitting it out.
- Gargle with salt water every day, until the cough vanishes away.
Peppermint leaves are well known for their healing properties. A substance called menthol is present in its leaves that helps in soothing down the throat and acts as a decongestant. It also helps to break down mucus.
- Drinking peppermint tea is beneficial in cold.
- You can also inhale peppermint vapors from a steam bath.
- To make a steam bath, you can add 3 to 4 drops of peppermint oil to every 150 milliliters of hot water.
- Drape a towel over your head, and take deep breaths directly above the water.
- Inhale hard, and let the steam reach your throat and lungs, which will help in opening up the congestion and will make you feel better instantly.
- Repeat the process, till the cold goes away.
These remedies have been said to be used since ancient times and have always proved to be effective.